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    Historical Curiosities


    The history of the proclamation of independence is well known in Mexico. It began on September 16, 1810 when Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a parish priest, gave the the Grito de Dolores, or Cry of Dolores. It ended on September 27, 1821 when the Trigarante Army, led by Agustín de Iturbide and Vicente Guerrero, entered triumphantly City Mexico. Here are some facts, about which you may not be informed, that helped Mexico become an independent nation.

    Miguel Hidalgo shout

    Mexican historians point out that Miguel Hidalgo delivered "Long Live," or “Vivas” to the Virgin of Guadalupe, the Catholic religion, and Spain’s King Fernando VII. These phrases, however, are not considered an official cry. In addition, he was not the one who rang the church bell while he was shouting for independence; it was José Galván, the parish church bell-ringer.


    The end of the war

    A month and a half into the start of the War of Independence, the insurgent troops defeated the royalist troops in the Battle of Monte de las Cruces, now known as La Marquesa. This victory opened the way to take Mexico City, putting in the rebel forces but one step from victory. But at the last moment, Miguel Hidalgo refused to enter the capital, stopping what could mean the final assault and the end of the war. 


    The traditions begins

    In 1812, General Ignacio López Rayón, secretary of Miguel Hidalgo, first celebrated the anniversary of the Grito de Dolores, or Cry of Dolores, in Huichapan, Hidalgo. Emperor Maximilian I, the emperor, was the first to use the speech and proclamations to mark the start of the patriotic movement—and he did so from the village of Dolores; it was Porfirio Díaz the one who moved the celebration to the Zócalo, or Main Square in Mexico City, and the original bell of Dolores was taken to the National Palace in 1896.



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